This study examines the characteristics of municipalities owning water utilities that took advantage of incentives provided by the Japanese government to consolidate. We find that economies of scale and government transfers were some of the main factors leading to consolidation of government services. This is expected given the Central Government's efforts to equalize public service levels, and the large cost savings available to municipal level water monopolies.
Research Article|December 21 2015
Consolidation of municipality-owned water suppliers in Japan
Mahelet G. Fikru
Mahelet G. Fikru, Michelle A. Phillips; Consolidation of municipality-owned water suppliers in Japan. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1 June 2016; 16 (3): 695–702. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2015.177
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