Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were performed for experiments carried out with two identical pyramid-shaped solar stills. One was filled with Jordanian zeolite-seawater and the second was filled with seawater only. This work is focused on CFD analysis validation with experimental data conducted using a model of phase change interaction (evaporation-condensation model) inside the solar still. A volume-of-fluid (VOF) model was used to simulate the inter phase change through evaporation-condensation between zeolite-water and water vapor inside the two solar stills. The effect of the volume fraction of the zeolite particles (0 ≤ ϕ ≤ 0.05) on the heat and distillate yield inside the solar still was investigated. Based on the CFD simulation results, the hourly quantity of freshwater showed a good agreement with the corresponding experimental data. The present study has established the utility of using the VOF two phase flow model to provide a reasonable solution to the complicated inter phase mass transfer in a solar still.
Influence of Jordanian zeolite on the performance of a solar still: experiments and CFD simulation studies
Yazan Taamneh; Influence of Jordanian zeolite on the performance of a solar still: experiments and CFD simulation studies. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1 December 2016; 16 (6): 1700–1709. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2016.091
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