Abstract

Discharge coefficients (C0) for ogee weirs are essential factors for predicting the discharge-head relationship. The present study investigates three influences on the C0: effect of approach depth, weir upstream face slope, and the actual head, which may differ from the design head. This study uses experimental data with multiple non-linear regression techniques and Gene Expression Programming (GEP) models that are applied to introduce practical equations that can be used for design. Results show that the GEP method is superior to the regression analysis for predicting the discharge coefficient. Performance criteria for GEP are R2 = 0.995, RMSE = 0.021 and MAE = 0.015. Design examples are presented that show that the proposed GEP equation correlates well with the data and eliminates linear interpolation using existing graphs.

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