Three colored surface water nanofiltration pilot-scale projects were conducted in the province of Quebec (eastern Canada), between November 2000 and March 2002, by the company H2O Innovation (2000) inc., for the municipalities of Lac Bouchette, Latulipe-et-Gaboury and Charlesbourg (now part of Quebec City). Results indicated that nanofiltration permeate quality has an advance on present drinking water regulation standard in Quebec, but important membrane fouling occurred. Fouling can be controlled by pretreatment and optimization of the operating conditions.
Research Article|December 01 2003
Nanofiltration of colored surface water: Quebec's experience
Water Science and Technology: Water Supply (2003) 3 (5-6): 15-22.
P. Kouadio, M. Tétrault; Nanofiltration of colored surface water: Quebec's experience. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1 December 2003; 3 (5-6): 15–22. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2003.0145
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