Experiments with Alento River water (a drinking water source in the province of Salerno, Italy) showed that considerable amounts of disinfection by-products, primarily chloroform and haloacetic acids, form in that water upon chlorination. The total yield of haloacetic acids was almost twice as high as that of chloroform. Chlorination also caused significant changes in the intensity of NOM fluorescence and the position of the emission band. To quantify the latter, the wavelength that corresponds to the position of the emission band at its half-intensity (λ0.5) was employed. Chlorination caused the λ0.5 values to decrease, while the THMs and HAAs concentrations were linearly correlated with the corresponding λ0.5 values. The strength of correlations between DBP concentrations and λ0.5 values indicates that the latter parameter can be employed in studies of DBP formation in drinking water.
Probing the mechanisms of NOM chlorination using fluorescence: formation of disinfection by-products in Alento River water
M. Fabbricino, G.V. Korshin; Probing the mechanisms of NOM chlorination using fluorescence: formation of disinfection by-products in Alento River water. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1 December 2004; 4 (4): 227–233. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2004.0082
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