An algorithm for the detection and location of sudden bursts in water distribution networks combining both continuous monitoring of pressure and hydraulic transient computation is presented. The approach is designed for medium and large bursts that are the result of the sudden rupture of the pipe wall or other physical element in the network and are accompanied by the transient pressure wave that propagates throughout the network. The burst-induced transient wave arrival times and magnitudes measured at two or more points are used to find the location of a burst. The wave arrival times and magnitudes are detected using the modified cumulative sum (CUSUM) change detection test. Results of validation on a real network show the potential of the proposed burst detection and location technique to be used in water distribution systems.

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