In this study a two-step strategy was adopted to cultivate Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB)-rich aerobic granular sludge in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) fed with a synthetic wastewater. In the first step both oxygen and ammonia were initially limited, in order to enhance the PHB-storage ability of sludge. In the second step granular sludge was cultivated to get a high PHB volumetric productivity. The PHB content of sludge increased to 43.1±2.0% in the first step. During the sludge granulation, the PHB content was constant at 40±4.6%. With the granulation, the settling ability of the PHB-rich sludge continuously improved, as evidenced by a decreased sludge volume index. The matured PHB-rich granular sludge presented a buff color and regular morphology with elliptical and flat shape.

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