Household water use structure can vary significantly depending on several factors like personal habits, socio-economic, cultural and climatic conditions. In the absence of Portuguese data on domestic water consumption, a field study was carried out in order to obtain information that could help support the definition of water conservation measures within the scope of the Portuguese National Program for the Efficient Use of Water. The paper describes the methodology and results obtained in this study, which involved approximately 100 participants that made a characterization of their appliances and detailed recordings of all water uses. Results allowed for the determination of average values of usage duration and frequency for each appliance, total volume consumed per water appliance and per capita water consumption. In terms of consumption structure, it was found that showering and bathing were the main components (36±13%) followed by taps (29±10%) and toilet flushing (21±7%).
Research Article|December 01 2007
Household water use: a Portuguese field study
M. do C. Almeida
Water Science and Technology: Water Supply (2007) 7 (5-6): 193-202.
P. Vieira, M. do C. Almeida, J.M. Baptista, R. Ribeiro; Household water use: a Portuguese field study. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1 December 2007; 7 (5-6): 193–202. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2007.098
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