This paper presents the use of a V-UV/UV/TiO2 reactor (M300 water purifier®) for the removal of sulfamethoxazole and atrazine from natural water. The efficiency of the different processes (photolysis, Vacuum UV (V-UV) and photocatalysis) within the photoreactor was investigated using para-chlorobenzoic acid (pCBA) which is a good probe for hydroxyl radicals. The effect of pH, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and total inorganic carbon (TIC) was also studied. V-UV was found to be the most efficient process for pCBA degradation within this unit. No photocatalytic degradation was observed. The water quality largely affected the efficiency of the system. Indeed, both DOC and TIC lowered the hydroxyl radical concentration in the system, but DOC did it to a larger extent. Atrazine and sulfamethoxazole, were successfully degraded, and as for pCBA, V-UV was the most efficient process. Sulfamethoxazole displayed a better removal by photocatalysis than atrazine and pCBA. In addition, there was a larger contribution of photolysis during the degradation of sulfamethoxazole than of atrazine. The UV254 nm absorbance of the water affected the photolysis of sulfamethoxazole which has a high molar extinction coefficient and quantum yield at 254 nm, while the DOC is mainly competing with the pollutants for the hydroxyl radicals.
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Research Article| December 01 2009
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) degradation in natural waters using a V-UV/UV/TiO2 reactor
1Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), S.P. Andersensvei 5, N-7491, Trondheim, Norway E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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Water Supply (2009) 9 (6): 653–660.
K. Azrague, S. W. Osterhus; Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) degradation in natural waters using a V-UV/UV/TiO2 reactor. Water Supply 1 December 2009; 9 (6): 653–660. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2009.713
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