Combining the Kubota Tank-Submerged type Ceramic Membrane filtration (TSCM) system with ozonation and powdered activated carbon (PAC) treatment, a new water treatment system, the advanced TSCM system, has been developed. It is a compact, maintenance-free and high performance system for water treatment plants in the small and medium size cities. In this paper, experimental results using 5.5m3/day demonstration plants are shown, and treatment performance is discussed mainly focussing on removal of disinfection by-products. Turbidity, color, total iron, total manganese and ammonia nitrogen were removed to below their detection limits. Accumulation of suspended solids including PAC at a maximum concentration of 8000 mg/L in the membrane tank increases biological degradation activity in the TSCM system. Furthermore, it was confirmed that the advanced TSCM system was able to effectively eliminate disinfection by-products and other organic contaminants in raw water. 75% of T-THMFP removal rate was obtained at only 10 mg-PAC/L dosage without the effect of ozone dosage, while the PAC treatment at 50 mg-PAC/L dosage prior to coagulation results in T-THMFP removals ranging from 40 to 60% (The Adoption Guideline of Advanced Water Treatment Facility, 1988). Therefore, it is concluded that the advanced TSCM system saves on the amount of PAC and is more cost-effective than the other conventional water treatment systems due to efficient utilization of the adsorption capacity of PAC.
Development of advanced ceramic membrane filtration system combined with ozonation and powdered activated carbon treatment
M. Shioyama, T. Kawanishi, S. Yokoyama, M. Nuno, T. Yamamoto; Development of advanced ceramic membrane filtration system combined with ozonation and powdered activated carbon treatment. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1 June 2001; 1 (5-6): 91–96. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2001.0103
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