Popularity of chloramine has been dampened by nitrification, which is believed to highly accelerate chloramine decay. This can seriously compromise the primary goal of using chloramine as a secondary disinfectant. Our previous laboratory-scale studies showed that highly accelerated chemical decay of chloramine was caused by soluble microbial products (SMPs) released by microbes under severely nitrifying conditions. To understand whether a similar phenomenon exists in full-scale distribution systems, samples were collected from four full-scale systems supplied from different water sources and have been compared with results obtained from laboratory-scale systems. The results verified that the acceleration typical in severely nitrified water is common in full-scale chloraminated systems under severely nitrifying conditions.

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