In this study, four treatment methods were used to remove arsenic from water, namely: (i) chemical precipitation, (ii) arsenic adsorption onto iron-oxide-coated sand, (iii) high-rate saturated floating-medium flocculator/filter and (iv) membrane hybrid system (adsorption-microfiltration). The results indicated that more than 90% of total arsenic was removed by using FeCl3 (40 mg/L) as coagulant. The removal efficiency was 10% lower when polysilicato-iron (PSI, 2.5 mg/L) was used as a flocculant. The results of both the batch and column adsorption studies showed that iron-oxide-coated sand can effectively be used to achieve very high levels of arsenic removal (less than 5 μm/L as As in drinking water). Arsenic was removed up to 78% from the packed polystyrene beads filter with in-line FeCl3 addition at a high loading rate of 30 m3/m2.h. When powder activated carbon (PAC) was used in the membrane hybrid system, 87% removal of arsenic was achieved. A mixing time of 2.7 min with the mixing intensity of 87.8 s-1 were used. A very high filtration (permeate flux of 760 L/m2.h) was observed with a membrane of pore size of 0.2 μm.

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