The effective and efficient supply of drinking water resources are key to its long-term use and access. In recent decades, the population of Kathmandu Valley has exploded owing to several factors. The water supply system here has also undergone remarkable changes and efforts have been made to enhance its equitable distribution. The major effort, of course is the Melamchi Water Supply Project (MWSP). As the project approaches completion of its first phase, we would like to point out several key issues to water distribution system here and express our opinions on promoting equitable water distribution. For this we conducted a thorough literature review and found that improvement in water distribution network and water tariff in the valley, along with promotion of alternate mitigation options are the focal issues for promoting equitable water distribution system in Kathmandu Valley.


  • Gives a glimpse of Water Supply Network and Distribution System in Kathmandu Valley.

  • Highlights key points to be considered for Melamchi Water Supply Project.

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