In the paper, Data Envelopment Analysis Tobit (DEA-Tobit) two-stage model was used to evaluate the efficiency of water-resource utilization, and regional differences and influencing factors water-resource utilization were analyzed. The results of the analysis of regional differences show that China's water-use efficiency is relatively low. Only Beijing, Shanghai, and Fujian have water-use efficiency higher than 0.8, whereas most other provinces and cities have an efficiency 0.3–0.8, there are regional differences in water-resource utilization efficiency in China, with the eastern region being higher than the central and western regions. The analysis of the influencing factors of regional differences in water-use efficiency found that per capita water resources, per capita domestic water use, and the proportion of primary and secondary industries all have a negative impact on the efficiency of water use, and per capita GDP has a positive impact on the efficiency of water use. Agricultural water consumption, industrial water consumption, domestic water consumption, and total ecological water consumption all have a negative impact on water-resource utilization efficiency, of which water consumption and industrial water consumption have a greater impact. Technological level and water-resource utilization efficiency have shown a significant positive correlation.
Select the DEA-Tobit two-stage model to evaluate water resources utilization efficiency.
Analyzed the differences in water use efficiency in various regions of China.
Analyzed the influencing factors of water resource utilization efficiency.
Proposed countermeasures to improve water resources utilization efficiency.