Abstract

Land Use/Land Cover (LULC) is the main factor that affects the hydrological process of catchment. A better understanding of its influence is of great significance to future land use planning and water resources management. Since 2011, the local government has implemented the land remediation plan, and the LULC has undergone major changes in the Yanghe Reservoir Basin. This paper used The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model to study the Blue Water (BW) and Green Water (GW) resources in three typical years (wet year, dry year, and normal year) under the two LULC scenarios in 2010 and 2017 of the basin. The results showed that from 2010 to 2017, the area of cultivated land and residential construction land increased by 227.28% and 269.23%, respectively; the area of unused land, woodland, and grassland decreased by 98.84%, 35.90% and 39.52%, respectively. Compared with the results of the 2010 LULC scenario, the average BW of the three typical years under the 2017 LULC scenario decreased by 11.66%, 52.32%, and 21.95%, respectively, and the average GW flow increased by 6.72%, 2.90%, and 6.83%, respectively, and the average GW reserves decreased by 14.80%, 11.39%, and 7.67%, respectively. Therefore, this study believed that changes of LULC have led to a significant decrease in runoff and an increase in evapotranspiration in the basin.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • SWAT model was be used to study the blue water and green water resources in three typical years under the two LULC scenarios in 2010 and 2017 of the Yanghe Reservoir basin.

  • The increase in the area of arable land in the Yanghe Reservoir basin has led to an increase in the green water coefficient.

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