Owing to the consecutive occurrence of water quality incidents, such as the black and red water situation in Incheon, Mullae (Seoul), and Pohang, as well as the tap water larval events in Incheon and Jeju in 2020, the Ministry of Environment, announced the new addition of Article12-2 of the Enforcement Decree of the Water Supply And Waterworks Installation Act 2021. Additionally, the importance of intensive management for vulnerable areas where water quality incidents and complaints may occur repeatedly was specified. Therefore, this study suggests the hazard ranking of district-metered areas in the study area using the deterioration of the water distribution network, complaints (water quality, leakage), and modeling results (water pressure, residual chlorine concentration) to support the establishment of a reasonable water distribution network maintenance plan. The effective and sustainable maintenance of the water distribution network is possible if the hazard ranking is regularly determined using the suggested methodology proposed herein and the water distribution network intensive management area is managed.

  • This study suggested a method to evaluate the hazard of water distribution networks and establish regional rankings from an engineering perspective.

  • The data that can be accumulated in the water distribution network, such as the number of failures, water quality, and leakage complaints, were used.

  • If the proposed methodology is used in establishing a network improvement and maintenance plan, the effective and sustainable maintenance of the water distribution network will be possible.

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