Climate change and rainfall variability are driving many farmers to adopt irrigation, who were historically within rain-dependent regions, to sustain crop productivity. In the Mid-Atlantic region, irrigation in agriculture has grown since the 1980s due to rising temperatures and changes in precipitation patterns. Dry summers and uneven seasonal rainfall have necessitated a shift toward irrigation, particularly in Maryland's Coastal Plain. However, high dependence on confined groundwater for irrigation around this area has strained aquifers. To mitigate this strain, exploring alternative water sources is now important. This study investigates the viability of utilizing treated wastewater from plants as an irrigation substitute in Maryland's Coastal Plain. Using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool, the research evaluates crop productivity and irrigation needs under various climate scenarios. Results indicate that recycled water from nearby treatment plants can meet crop water requirements during wet years and partially during moderate and dry years, reducing aquifer reliance by 56 and 30%, respectively. This framework aims to boost yields while conserving freshwater resources. By serving as a decision support tool, stakeholders can assess the feasibility of recycled water for irrigation, thereby potentially reducing strain on confined aquifers.

  • This study presents a method for utilizing reclaimed water for irrigation.

  • We conducted crop yield simulations for corn and soybeans, the most dominant crops in the region.

  • Using the SWAT model, we have calculated the water requirements for corn and soybean under various climatic conditions.

  • We have determined the proportion of the total water requirement that can be sourced by water reuse.

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