A practical method of determining reaeration coefficients would greatly aid design engineers in determining the degree of wastewater treatment required for a proposed effluent discharge. Many previous tidal river and estuary studies emphasized mainly the effects of flow conditions (such as velocity, water depth, turbulent intensity, hydraulic gradient, etc.) and temperature on stream aeration, and the effect of salts was not seriously considered. In this research a new mathematical model of reaeration coefficient considering the effect of salts has been developed for water quality analysis in tidal rivers and estuaries. The reaeration coefficient in saline water, k2s(day−1, base e) at any chloride concentration C(g/l) and at 20°C, can be expressed by
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