Most of the major rivers in Taiwan have been more or less polluted in the past twenty years. However the water quality of these rivers has been gradually improved since the National Water Pollution Control Act was promulgated in 1974 and Taiwan Provincial Water Pollution Control Agency was set up in 1975. The measures for water pollution control that have been taken include the following: enactment of laws and regulations; conducting comprehensive planning of water quality management; control of and assistance for industrial wastewater treatment; promoting the planning and construction of municipal sewerage systems; and prevention of manure pollution from livestock farms. The above water pollution control actions which have been effectively implemented in Taiwan are described in details in this paper.

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