Waste stabilization ponds can be found in 16 countries in Europe. Information given at a consultation of WHO specialists to review the state of the art in lagooning, highlighted the varying development stages which have been achieved in this field in 10 different countries. Design criteria vary from one country to another, to suit local conditions and conform with the quality standards which effluents are expected to meet. Lagooning has found many different fields of application in Europe : small communities, tourist areas, tertiary treatment, where it is likely to be further developed.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.