Nitrogen transformations that can occur in WSP depend on pond and waste characteristics and are also influenced by climatic factors, like temperature and precipitation. Experiments described have been carried out using a system of three ponds in series: anaerobic, facultative and maturation, treating domestic sewage. In this paper we aim to identify the processes that might contribute to N transformations in each pond and the seasonal variations in the removal of nitrogen and its bioconversion throughout the year.
Results have proved that there was an important organic N removal in the anaerobic pond, mainly due to mineralisation and not exclusively by sedimentation.
Some of the processes of N transformation observed in the ponds were more strongly influenced by weather conditions than others. In some cases, the increase of biological activity that was induced by the increase in air temperature, was masked by reduced precipitation which produced less diluted treated effluents. These climatic factors can explain some of the variations observed along the year, in what concerns nitrogen compounds concentrations.