The effects of the application of reed-sewage sludge compost on the heavy metal incorporation and the growth of young snails born from the adult mud snails, Cipanqopaludina chinensis malleata REEVE, put into submerged paddy soil were investigated. The biomass and growth of the snails in paddy soil with compost were superior to those in soil without compost. The Zn and Cu concentrations in the flesh portion of snails were extremely high as compared with those in the paddy soil surrounding the snails. This may be because snails ingest sewage sludge which is a main organic component of the composts and sewage sludge usually contains large amounts of Zn and Cu, suggesting that this type of snail may be useful in eliminating sewage sludge and Zn and Cu in paddy soil when composted sewage sludge has been applied.
Removal of Heavy Metals and Sewage Sludge Using the Mud Snail, Cipangopaludina chinensis malle at a REEVE, in Paddy Fields as Artificial Wetlands
Y. Kurihara, T. Suzuki; Removal of Heavy Metals and Sewage Sludge Using the Mud Snail, Cipangopaludina chinensis malle at a REEVE, in Paddy Fields as Artificial Wetlands. Water Sci Technol 1 December 1987; 19 (12): 281–286. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1987.0157
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