In general, spent adsorbent is regenerated using high-concentration chemicals. Although chemical regeneration is efficient, it often leads to adsorbent damage and secondary waste. To overcome these problems, electro-assisted and photo-assisted regeneration were proposed in this study for the remediation of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)). Filter paper was decorated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and polypyrrole (PPy) to fabricate a FP/PEG/PPy nanocomposite, which could be used as an adsorbent for Cr(VI) with a high adsorption capacity. Moreover, it could be regenerated by electro-assisted or photo-assisted regeneration to reduce eluent use. As a result, secondary waste could be greatly reduced.