The aerated grit chamber has long been used to separate sand from sewage. Nevertheless, there are no definite and uniform recommendations for dimensioning, and there is little information in the literature about the degree of separation attainable. Thus, principles for dimensioning and the possible degree of separation are derived from measurements of large pilot scale plants, two-dimensional models, and existing aerated grit chambers. The following values for dimensioning were found in this work: a detention period of about 20 minutes; a width to depth ratio (w/d) of about 0.8; a minimal and maximal cross section area between 1 and about 7 m2; a flow velocity of 20 cm/s at the bottom of the aerated grit chamber.
Simple formulae for the determination of the required amount of air can be given in relation to the w/d ratio, the depth of air injection and the kind of aeration used (fine or coarse bubble). The simultaneous use of an aerated grit chamber as an adsorption stage (highly loaded activated sludge process) is possible without additional air being required to maintain the velocity at the bottom of the grit chamber. For purely aerobic operation, however, the amount of air has to be increased.