Metropolitan Istanbul Wastewater Treatment System contains 14 marine outfalls, seven of which include secondary stage biological treatment processes. The others have only mechanical treatment units including bar screens and grit chambers. Only one mechanical pre-treatment and marine disposal system, Yenikapi plant, has been operated since 1988 among these 14 plants and six of them are ready for construction. In this paper, the environmental impact of Yenikapi pretreatment and marine disposal system on the water quality of the Bosphorus and the Sea of Marmara has been investigated. Long term water quality measurements which were performed in pre-and post-dischange applications have been evaluated. Water quality parameters including pH, DO, BODs, TKN, P and total coliforms were measured at various sampling stations around the discharge points. A general evaluation of marine outfall systems to be constructed in the scope of Istanbul wastewater treatment project, on the water quality of the Sea of Marmara and the Bosphorus has been presented.
Environmental Impact Evaluation of Istanbul Wastewater Treatment and Marine Disposal Systems
I. Ozturk, T. Zambal, A. Samsunlu, E. Göknel; Environmental Impact Evaluation of Istanbul Wastewater Treatment and Marine Disposal Systems. Water Sci Technol 1 May 1992; 25 (9): 85–92. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1992.0208
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