Growth and shear loss characteristics of phenol utilizing biofilm were studied in a concentric cylinder bioreactor. The net accumulation of the biofilm and the substrate utilisation were measured as a function of torque. Uniform biofilms were obtained up to a thickness of around 300 microns, beyond which the surface growth was non-uniform. The substrate utilisation rate, however, reached a constant value beyond film thickness of 50 to 100 microns depending on the operational torque. The maximum phenol removal rate was achieved at a shear stress of 3.5 Nm-2. The effect of shear stress on net growth rate was found to be described by
and a zero net growth was obtained at a shear stress of 18.7 Nm-2.
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