A mixing-based model for describing solute transfer to overland flow was developed. This model included a time-dependent mixing depth of the top layer and a complete-mixed surface runoff zone. In a series of laboratory experiments, runoff was passed at various velocities and depths over a medium bed. The media were saturated with uniform concentration of potassium chloride solution. Runoff water was sampled at the beginning and end of the flume and the potassium chloride concentration analyzed. Using this model, dimensionless ultimate mixing depth and dimensionless change rate of mixing depth from experimental data were investigated and implemented. The results showed that the Reynolds number and relative roughness are two important factors.
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Research Article| October 01 1992
Modelling of Solute Transfer to Surface Runoff
Water Sci Technol (1992) 26 (7-8): 1851–1856.
J. L. Lai, K. S. L. Lo; Modelling of Solute Transfer to Surface Runoff. Water Sci Technol 1 October 1992; 26 (7-8): 1851–1856. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1992.0629
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