The surface water system of Amsterdam is very complicated. Of two characteristic types of water systems the influences on water and sediment quality are investigated. The importance of the sewer output to the total loads is different for both water systems. In a polder the load from the sewers is much more important than in the canal basin. Measures to reduce the emission from the sewers are much more effective in a polder. The effect of these measures on sediment quality is more than the effect on water quality. Some differences between a combined sewer system and a separate sewer system can be found in sediment quality.
Sewers and the Quality of Canals and Ditches in Amsterdam
E. Jacobs, J. W. van Sluis; Sewers and the Quality of Canals and Ditches in Amsterdam. Water Sci Technol 1 March 1993; 27 (5-6): 61–67. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1993.0486
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