The Israel Ministry of Health is now revising its regulations for the assurance of safe water quality in public swimming pools. Since it is not possible to monitor each of the pathogenic microorganisms, it is often recommended to monitor indicator bacteria which provide indirect information on the water quality in the swimming pool. Three indicator microorganisms are often recommended: coliform counts (total coliforms, fecal coliforms or E. Coli), staphylococcus aureus and pseudomonas aeruginosa. A four year survey of the water quality of swimming pools in the Jerusalem District was conducted in order to determine whether the monitoring of all three indicators is necessary to assure safe water quality or is it sufficient to monitor only a single microorganism. A statistical analysis, conducted by using several different statistical techniques, reveals that the populations of the three indicator organisms are significantly interdependent but the correlations between each pair of these indicators are not sufficient to base a prediction of any of the organisms based on the measurements of the others. Therefore, it is concluded that monitoring of all three indicators should be recommended in order to provide an adequate picture of the water quality in swimming pools.
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Research Article| April 01 1993
Water Quality of Swimming Pools in Jerusalem
*Ministry of Health, Jerusalem District Health Office, 86 Jaffo Road, Jerusalem 94341, Israel
**Division of Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Applied Science and Technology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
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Water Sci Technol (1993) 27 (7-8): 287–294.
S. Lerman, O. Lev, A. Adin, E. Katzenelson; Water Quality of Swimming Pools in Jerusalem. Water Sci Technol 1 April 1993; 27 (7-8): 287–294. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1993.0562
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