A model calibration algorithm is developed for the high-purity oxygen activated sludge process (HPO-ASP). The algorithm is evaluated under different conditions to determine the effect of the following factors on the performance of the algorithm: data quality, number of observations, and number of parameters to be estimated. The process model used in this investigation is the first HPO-ASP model based upon the IAWQ (formerly IAWPRC) Activated Sludge Model No. 1. The objective function is formulated as a relative least-squares function and the non-linear, constrained minimization problem is solved by the Complex method. The stoichiometric and kinetic coefficients of the IAWQ activated sludge model are the parameters focused on in this investigation. Observations used are generated numerically but are made close to the observations from a full-scale high-purity oxygen treatment plant. The calibration algorithm is capable of correctly estimating model parameters even if the observations are severely noise-corrupted. The accuracy of estimation deteriorates gradually with the increase of observation errors. The accuracy of calibration improves when the number of observations (n) increases, but the improvement becomes insignificant when n>96. It is also found that there exists an optimal number of parameters that can be rigorously estimated from a given set of information/data. A sensitivity analysis is conducted to determine what parameters to estimate and to evaluate the potential benefits resulted from collecting additional measurements.

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