This paper concerns simultaneous nitrification and denitrification in a completely mixed bio-reactor with partially and fully submerged rotating biological contactors. The bio-reactor is designed to cause the nitrification and denitrification in partially and fully submerged biofilms, respectively. An experimental investigation was made into the effect of organic material and ratio of influent organic carbon to ammonia nitrogen concentrations(C/N ratio) on the efficiency of simultaneous nitrification and denitrification in the bio-reactor. Settled municipal wastewater and synthetic wastewater containing ammonia nitrogen and organic material such as acetate, ethylene-glycol, phenol and poly-vinyl-alcohol(PVA) were fed into the experimental units. A biofilm dominated by nitrifiers developed on the partially submerged contactors, while a biofilm dominated by heterotrophs developed on the fully submerged contactors. A micro-aerobic environment was formed and biological denitrification occurred in the submerged biofilm. In the municipal wastewater treatment where the influent C/N ratio was around 3.5, the maximum nitrogen removal efficiency was about 60 %. Acetate and ethlene-glycol were effectively used as the organic source of the denitrification. The ability to aerobically degrade PVA was induced by phenol. Once the bacteria inhibiting the biofilm gained the ability to degrade PVA, PVA became an effective organic source of the denitrification.
Nitrogen removal from wastewaters by a bio-reactor with partially and fully submerged rotating biofilms
Y. Watanabe, D. Y. Bang, K. Itoh, K. Matsui; Nitrogen removal from wastewaters by a bio-reactor with partially and fully submerged rotating biofilms. Water Sci Technol 1 October 1994; 29 (10-11): 431–438. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1994.0789
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