Biotransformations and treatment of several chlorinated, hydroxylated and methoxylated monoaromatic compounds were studied in batch bottle bioassays and continuous-flow fluidized-bed reactors. With the aerobic enrichment, polychlorinated phenols were biodegraded with simultaneous release of inorganic chloride in amounts equal to mineralization stoichiometrics. Aerobic removal of 4,5-dichlorocatechol and 4,5- dichlorovanillin were associated with the release of inorganic chlorine. The aerobic enrichment showed no activity against mono- or di-O-methylated phenols. With the anaerobic enrichment, reductive transformations of these compounds were observed. These transformations included reductive dechlorinations, de-O-methylations and dehydroxylations. High-rate operation of an aerobic fluidized-bed reactor resulted in over 99.7% biodégradation of polychlorophenols. In the anaerobic fluidized-bed reactor, over 95% removal of chlorophenols with no apparent accumulation of lower chlorinated phenols indicated complete dechlorination.

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