This study investigates the applicability of hydroxide precipitation to complexed metal wastewaters using inorganic cations that may function as ligand sharing agents. Within this context Ca2+, Fe2+, Fe3+, Mn2+ and Mg2+ cations with the metals Cd and Cu and EDTA and NTA as ligands are used to define the systems for which theoretical and experimental evaluations are made. Results indicate that calcium is the only cation that effectively binds the ligands that makes it possible to apply the hydroxide precipitation. Fe2+ and Mn2+ are not effective due to their rapid oxidation. Mg2+ is found partly effective but may not be adequate for pretreatment purposes.
Research Article|May 01 1994
Pretreatment of Complexed Metal Wastewaters
Water Sci Technol (1994) 29 (9): 265-274.