Four concepts are defined for water resources systems: comprehensive management, integrated management, area horizons and time horizons. Five phases in development of water resources are: initial phase of modest demand (water transferred only in space), intense developmental phase (water transferred in both space and time), water transfer among the adjacent areas, water re-allocation phase, and the phase of developmental maturity. The comprehensive management incorporates the external social, economic, environmental, financial and political influences by specifying the goals to be attained. The concept of water resources supersystem, as a set of dependent systems, is introduced. The integrating management means incorporating a set of purposes as the internal aspects of resource management. They are realized by economic, social, environmental and other optimizations of the well defined objective functions. Objectives are fulfilled by matching supply and demand. Thus a triad of goals-purposes-objectives is defined. Three basic area horizons for a system are: the main system area, the adjacent physically-interacting area, and the surrounding areas interacting through water or power demand. Five time horizons of effects on systems are: period of economic life, period of physical life, horizon of obsolescence, period of full allocation of available water, and period during which significant climatic changes have occurred.

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