In the 6000 ha Lake Volkerak-Zoom, a new freshwater system in the estuarine southwest of The Netherlands, biomanipulation is used as a tool in ecosystem development. The basic ecological concepts for ecosystem development are described. Key factors in the integrated water management are fish stock management and water level management, geared towards creating optimal conditions for northern pike, the dominant predator in mesotrophic waters. The main aspects of the water level management and the fish stock management are outlined.

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