An optimization methodology is developed for obtaining the optimal allocation of storage capacity and release rate for the design of storm water detention facilities. A trap efficiency expression for the detention unit relates process hydrologic variables with the design variables of total storage capacity and release rate. The optimization model, formulated within the framework of production function theory and marginal analysis, yields least cost combinations of storage capacity and release rate under the performance constraint of runoff or pollutant trap efficiency. The whole procedure is implemented in an electronic spreadsheet. The model is applied to a 640 acre catchment in Minneapolis, where a minimum cost earthen basin is designed for storing runoff to provide a uniform release rate to a sedimentation facility. The methodology provides an efficient table top procedure for identifying optimal solutions for a given set of process parameters. Sensitivity and resilience can be promptly assessed through a simple manipulation of input parameters.
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Rafael I. Segarra; Optimal design of runoff storage/release systems. Water Sci Technol 1 July 1995; 32 (1): 193–199. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1995.0043
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