About one hundred and fifty wastewater reservoirs store effluents for irrigation in Israel. Effluent qualities differ according to the inflowing wastewater quality, the degree of pretreatment and the operational parameters. Certain aspects of water quality like concentration of organic matter, suspended solids and chlorophyll are significantly correlated with the water column transparency and colour. Accordingly optical images of the reservoirs obtained from the SPOT satellite demonstrate pronounced differences correlated with the water quality. The analysis of satellite multispectral images is based on a theoretical model. The model calculates, using the radiation transfer equation, the volume reflectance of the water body. Satellite images of 99 reservoirs were analyzed in the chromacity space in order to classify them according to water quality. Principal Component Analysis backed by the theoretical model increases the method sensitivity. Further elaboration of this approach will lead to the establishment of a time and cost effective method for the routine monitoring of these hypertrophic wastewater reservoirs.
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Research Article| April 01 1996
Monitoring effluent quality in hypertrophic wastewater reservoirs using remote sensing
Water Sci Technol (1996) 33 (8): 23–29.
I. Dor, N. Ben-Yosef; Monitoring effluent quality in hypertrophic wastewater reservoirs using remote sensing. Water Sci Technol 1 April 1996; 33 (8): 23–29. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1996.0148
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