This study was conducted to develop a process for coating hydrated iron oxide on the surface of quartz sand to utilize the adsorbent properties of the coating and the filtration properties of the sand. Three coating parameters were investigated: pH, Fe concentration at which iron oxide was prepared, and the coating temperature. A Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD) were used to observe the surface properties of the coated layer. Acid resistance was used to evaluate the attachment strength of the coated layer. Batch adsorption tests were performed to compare the effects of each coating parameter on the adsorption of heavy metals on the coated layer. Energy Dispersive Analysis of X-ray (EDAX) was used for characterizing metal adsorption sites on the iron-coated sand. The results indicated that the coated sand had more pores and higher specific surface area because of the attachment of iron oxide. The coated sand produced at higher pH(coating) had better adsorption efficiencies of metals but had worse acid resistance. A high-temperature coating process enhanced the stability of the oxide coatings. Comparing heavy metal removal by adsorption on iron-coated sand and chemical precipitation, adsorption was shown to be capable of removing heavy metals over a wider pH range and to much lower levels than precipitation. The results from EDAX analysis showed that copper ions were chemisorbed on the surface of iron-coated sand.

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