Particle size and size distribution is an important parameter in solid liquid separation process especially in granular bed filtration and in dynamic microfiltration. This paper discusses their effects on the above processes from extensive experimental data obtained. In granular bed filtration, the experimental results showed that the initial efficiency follows the pattern reported by previous experimental and theoretical studies, i.e., lower efficiency for particles which fall in the range of critical size of 1 μm. However, the particle removal during the transient stage increased with an increase in particle size for the range of sizes studied. An attempt was made to quantify these effects in granular bed filtration using semi-empirical approach. In dynamic membrane filtration also, the particle size plays a major role in the retention. However, despite the relative thickness of the membrane (compared to particle size) dynamic microfiltration appears more as a sieving process; the retention is mainly related to the largest pore size.

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