Real-time control of the sewer system is a frequently applied measure for the abatement of pollution caused by urban runoff in the receiving water. Although the goal is an improvement of the water quality the actual aim of real-time control is usually formulated as the reduction/avoidance of combined sewer overflow. However, testing a virtual drainage system by means of a three-month rain series, hardly any correlation between the combined sewer overflow reduction and the resulting effect on the oxygen concentration in the river has been found. The efficiency of real-time control for pollution abatement by means of artificial performance criteria has to be doubted.

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