Ideally, for emission calculations long term hydrodynamic simulations should be performed, but this requires long calculation times. Simplifications are consequently necessary. Due to the non-linear behaviour of sewer systems, hydrodynamic simulations using single storm events often will not lead to a good probability estimation of the overflow emissions. Simplified models using long time simulations give better results if they are well calibrated. To increase the accuracy hydrodynamic simulations with short time series can be used. The short time series are selected from the long time historical rainfall series using a simplified model. To test the accuracy of these three methods, hydrodynamic long term simulations were performed for several (small) sewer systems with different characteristics to compare with.
Modelling of overflow emissions in flanders
G. Vaes, J. Berlamont; Modelling of overflow emissions in flanders. Water Sci Technol 1 November 1998; 38 (10): 41–48. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1998.0373
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