The Black Sea, surrounded by six riparian countries, is under the threat of severe pollution, giving rise to the need of taking precautions to protect it from further deterioration. In this paper, an effort putting forth a wastewater treatment and management strategy is outlined for the Black Sea coast of Turkey, including both the technical and financial aspects. The present situation of the coast in terms of land-based pollution and infrastructure is stated, followed by an applicable management strategy. The strategy developed for the coastal settlements involves various stagewise treatment schemes based on population distribution and densities along the coastline, and on the availability of land in a specified period of thirty years. Similar strategies are proposed for the control of pollution originating from industries, for those carried by rivers joining the sea, and for leachate of solid waste landfills. The cost estimations of various treatment schemes are also given in terms of population equivalents.
Research Article|April 01 1999
Wastewater management strategies for the black sea coast of Turkey
Water Sci Technol (1999) 39 (8): 169-176.
I. Ozturk, E. Yuksel, A. Tanik; Wastewater management strategies for the black sea coast of Turkey. Water Sci Technol 1 April 1999; 39 (8): 169–176. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1999.0413
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