The paper reviews the different options for the combination of vertical- and horizontal-flow beds used in hybrid reed bed/wetland systems. The design and performance of these systems are briefly described. The importance of the oxygen transfer capacity of the different arrangements to their performance and their size is discussed. Alternative methods for denitrification are briefly described.
Paul Cooper; A Review of the Design and Performance of Vertical-flow and Hybrid Reed Bed Treatment Systems. Water Sci Technol 1 August 1999; 40 (3): 1–9. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1999.0125
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