Sludge disposal was considered as a serious problem to the authorities. Thus, the treatment of sludge resulting from sewage treatment plants to remove pathogenic microorganisms and to improve its impact on the environment was considered as the main objective of several investigators. Composting is one of the methods of sludge treatment. Different systems of composting (static pile, windrow and natural draft) were applied and evaluated bacteriologically. Faecal coliform and salmonellae were removed completely during the first two weeks in case of forced aeration, but the former are still present till near the end of experiment with natural aeration. For the natural draft system with sawdust base, faecal coliform reduction increased up to 100% after 7 weeks, while faecal streptococci and coliphage decreased gradually and were removed completely at the end of treatment. Salmonellae disappeared after a few days from starting treatment. In case of alkaloids addition (cement and lime), the tested organisms reached acceptable levels with any concentration of alkaloids. Coliphage and faecal streptococci survived till the end of treatment. So, from the previous results it is clear to say, coliphage and faecal streptococci were more resistant to the composting processes than other organisms.
Ahmad M. Shaban; Bacteriological Evaluation of Composting Systems in Sludge Treatment. Water Sci Technol 1 October 1999; 40 (7): 165–170. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1999.0354
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