For the removal of DOC (and colour) several treatment steps are suggested. If it is also necessary to remove hardness nanofiltration is probably the first choice. For colour removal without softening a number of adsorbents are suggested in the literature. In order to estimate the costs of these treatment steps a dynamic column model based on batch experiments was used to predict the service time of the columns filled with different adsorbents. Also the (on site) regeneration of the different adsorbents was investigated in batch experiments. Especially the ion exchange resin was very promising. The costs of the treatment of one m3 water with a column filled with an ion exchange resin was estimated for the investigated case at 0.05 Euro.
Adsorptive Removal of Natural Organic Matter during Drinking Water Treatment
S. G. J. Heijman, A. M. van Paassen, W. G. J. van der Meer, R. Hopman; Adsorptive Removal of Natural Organic Matter during Drinking Water Treatment. Water Sci Technol 1 November 1999; 40 (9): 183–190. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1999.0472
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