The modelling of the reverse osmosis process is needed to fully evaluate its potential and facilitate scale up. The definition of the flow regime in the concentrate channel is of paramount importance. The present paper describes our experimental investigations on RTD and relates the RTD response curves to the regime of flow in the concentrate channel. Results demonstrate (i) that dead zones are present; (ii) that both a Plug Flow with Dispersion (PFD) and Probabilistic Time Delay (PTD) model can be used to characterise the flow; and (iii) that PFD- and PTD-model parameters assume nearly constant values for a given geometry which simplifies the prediction of the RTD for any desired flow rate.

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