The recycling concept under consideration is based on the process of Thermal Hydrolysis (TDH) followed by an anaerobic digestion. By increasing pressure and temperature the organic part of the waste is split up in a first step into short-chain fragments that are biologically well suited for microorganisms. The following fermentation runs much faster and more complete than in conventional digestion processes and the biogas yield is increased. Left is just a small amount of a solid residue that can be easily dewatered and utilized as surrogate fuel for incineration or as compost additive. The thermal hydrolysis process allows a complete energy recovery from organic waste. During the total procedure more energy sources are produced than are needed for running the plant. The procedure is especially suited for wet organic waste and biosolids that are difficult to compost, such as food scraps, biological waste from compact residential areas and sewage sludge. As a complete disinfection is granted due to the process temperatures the procedure is also suited for carcasses.
Thermal hydrolysis (TDH) as a pretreatment method for the digestion of organic waste
D. Schieder, R. Schneider, F. Bischof; Thermal hydrolysis (TDH) as a pretreatment method for the digestion of organic waste. Water Sci Technol 1 February 2000; 41 (3): 181–187. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2000.0070
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