Activated sludge treatment of highly foaming pharmaceutical wastewater was carried out with modified bubble columns equipped with a mechanical foam-breaker (MFRD). The geometry of the bubble column was modified based on the foam breaking mechanism of the MRFD in order to improve the foam breaking capacity and hence to enhance the treatment capacity. Four types of modifications were examined. The activated sludge treatment of the wastewater with the modified columns was successfully carried out with COD removal efficiency about 90% at BOD loading of 4 g/Ld. Little effect of the mechanical foam control on the sludge settling characteristics was observed. The column modification significantly reduced the power required for foam control. The maximum power decrement of 75% was attained. Furthermore, oxygen transfer was found to be facilitated in the modified bubble columns. The results are expected to be helpful for economic and effective treatment of highly foaming organic wastewater.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.