A simple settling model for the batch activated sludge process was proposed that could predict sludge concentration profile as a function of time. The predicted dynamic biomass profile would be used to quantify biological reactions during settling. The model can be applied by giving easily measurable parameters such as initial MLSS concentration, sludge interface variation which characterizes the settling rate, and SVI as an index of biomass settleability. The model describes the sedimentation process of the sludge by linking three concentrations, namely the MLSS on sludge interface (XH), constant MLSS on sediment surface (XC), and the variable MLSS at the bottom (XB). It was tested for wide ranges of activated sludge concentrations (1750 mg/L-4630 mg/L) and SVI (104-265). The model was applied to express MLSS profile for a full scale SBR as well as for 1 and 2 m column settling tests. The simulated MLSS profile by linking three critical concentrations agrees well with the observed data. Mass balance applied at each time step indicated that the deviation was from −2 to +12% of the total initial mass. The stratified MLSS profile simulated from the model was applied to predict denitrification rate during settling.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.