Several nitrogen fixing consortia (NFC) were isolated from kerosene contaminated soil, where Phaseolus vulgaris plants were being cultivated. The capability of these consortia for kerosene hydrocarbons removal was investigated and demonstrated. The NFC cultivated under aerobic conditions, and kerosene as sole carbon source, effected a maximum of 75% of reduction of the total kerosene hydrocarbons. Also, from experiments conducted to evaluate their atmospheric nitrogen fixing capability, all consortia showed nitrogenase activity: from 4 to 183 nmol N2/3E09 bacteria.day. To our knowledge, this is the first report that shows a group of bacteria with the dual characteristic of fixing atmospheric nitrogen and capability to use kerosene hydrocarbons as a sole carbon source. Application of these microorganisms to soil bioremediation processes is discussed.

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